Monday, December 13, 2010

Writs for their Royal Highnesses Gabriel and Constanzia

Greetings everyone,

Tamsyn has found a number of documents that will help everyone with their research into Spanish style Writs for their Highnesses. I hope everyone enjoys looking at these documents and that they all give you food for thought in the coming weeks as the time for the Writs to be chosen comes closer.!OpenDocument&ExpandSection=1

Can all example Writs please be to me by December 31st so that their Highnesses can choose what Writs they would like to use for their Reign.



Sunday, December 5, 2010


Newsletter of the Royal College & Confraternity of Scribes & Illuminators of the Kingdom of Lochac

Volume 11 Issue 1 November 2010

Greetings all and welcome to the November issue of Ductus.

Congratulations to everyone. I know that this time of year gets slow and full of other commitments but I have been hugely impressed with the amount of effort everyone has put into completing the scrolls assigned to them this year.

We currently have 1 AA on my database to be assigned and we have been making heavy inroads into Grants and Grant related awards and into the Royal Peerage scrolls. We still have about 10 GA scrolls to be assigned this year but the number is going down and a remarkable effort has seen these scrolls substantially reduce in number.

We ended up having 6 GA blanks which provided a reasonably wide range of choice for those doing GA scrolls. We also have two RP blanks for those who wish to use them for RP scrolls.

In addition to all of this exciting news we have also started with the new process of having the RP scroll for those outgoing Royalty, who have their name and device registered, presented when they receive their RP. I look forward to seeing Lenore's scroll being handed out at 12th Night in January 2011.


Our competition ends at Canterbury Faire, on the 29th of January and we still have close to 40 scrolls to come in. Please try and get these scrolls to me as soon as possible. I would like to see as many of these scrolls completed as possible before the cut off date of 29th of January.

We also have approximately 20 more scrolls still to assign mostly GA's and RP's at this stage. We do have one more AA that needs to be assigned. So if anyone is going well and wants to take on extra assignments please let me know. I am always after helpful scribes.

Once the AoA scroll competition is completed we will be starting the Pelican Scroll drive. This will officially take off as of Festival 2011 but I would like to encourage people to get a head start. This time I will take Pelican scrolls that are completed later than Festival, but they do not need to be started later than Festival to be part of the competition.

I would like to remind everyone that you do not need to do a whole scroll yourself. Please find people who you want to collaborate with if you feel you can only do either calligraphy or illumination. I am also happy for you to use things like the Atlantian blank templates if you do not feel confident in designing a scroll yourself. There are lots of templates in the zip file that can be used just add calligraphy and colour. If you are unable to find these templates or would like me to send you the zip file please let me know.

Other suggestions for designing scrolls include tracing work from Books of Hours or doing a full design combing elements from different scrolls in a similar time period and of a similar style.

If you are unable to find someone to work with but you feel you are only able to do either the calligraphy or the illumination for a scroll please let me know. I will either do the element you are unable to do myself or find someone else who you can work with.

Pelican Scrolls

As you all know our next target for next year is to complete all the outstanding Pelican scrolls.

There will of course still be GA and AA scrolls that keep coming in during next year so for those scribes who really feel uncomfortable working on original scrolls I will make every effort to keep you working on the GA's, RP's and AA's that come in over the course of the next year.

In the mean time I have asked for the Pelican's to be contacted to see if any of them have particular preferences. Currently the unassigned Pelican scrolls that I have on my backlog that I would like to see completed next year are for;

Alethea of Shrewsbury
Alfar of Attica
Antonia di Benedetto Calvo
Asbjørn Pedersen Marsvin
Aylwin Greymane
Bain de Saint Florian
Bernnard Sterling
Cairistiona inghean Raghnaill
Catalina de Gata
Catherine the Friendly
Constanzia Moralez y d Zamora
Corin Anderson
Cristoval Gitano
Elspeth Caerwent
Fineamhain an Einigh inghean ui Chonchobhair
Gabriel de Beaumont
Gwir verch Madog
Hanbal al-Barbari
Hrólfr Hreggviðarson
Hrothgar aer Gytingbroc
Ingerith Ryzka
Jessica of Fearn Abbey
Kasian Astrakhanovich
ketherine kerr of the Hermitage
Keridwen the Mouse
Louisa Lyppard de Cattone
Margie of Glen More
Marit the Wanderer
Miriam de Mont Noir
Nicolette Dufay
Osgot of Corfe
Rangarn Mangnusson
Rowena le Sarjent
Sancha da Sylva
Siona of the Eagle's Nest
Stephen Aldred
Sven the Stormdriven
Thaddeus Blayney
Vitale Giustiniani
Vittoria del Fiore
William de Cameron

Please contact me if you have a particular desire to do a scroll for one of the above people. I will give preference to older scrolls first and then I will move onto assigning newer scrolls. So please try and request people that you know and that have had their Pelican for a long time before you request people who have only just received their Pelican in the last year or so.

With Pelican scrolls I do recommend that you talk to the recipient to see if they have any preferences. If you are unable to accommodate those preferences let me know I am always happy to reassign scrolls if what the recipient wants is not something you feel comfortable doing.

In the mean time I have asked any Pelicans who have distinct preferences to contact me so that I can discuss this with anyone taking on an assignment before the assignment is given out where possible.

Newly Warranted Scribes

There have not been as many newly warranted scribes this quarter as in the previous quarter but I would like to welcome

Tamsyn Northover- illumination only as a new scribe and

Riona of Caerleon- illumination only as a scribe from the past who has come back to help out with our AA and GA backlog.

Both of these scribes have already completed the illumination for their first scrolls and it is wonderful to see this increase in scribes.

Once again congratulations to you all you have done a wonderful job this year. For those scribes I do not have more contact with between now and Christmas;

Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.

Caristiona nic Beathain

Provost of Scribes

Scrolls for the month of November


The scrolls completed for this month are;

Artemisia da Quieto d'Arzenta- GA
Aylwin Greyman- OWL
Branwen verch Lewis ap Thomas- AA
Catherine the Friendly- GA
Hrothgar aet Gytingbroc- GA
Kane Greymane- Vis
Lorcan of River Haven- AA
Lowry ferch Gwenwynwyn ap Llewelyn- GA
Leylii bint Hızır- AA
Margie of Glenmore- LCA
Maud la Leitiere- AA
Rhianwen ni Dhiarmada- Vis
Salaberge de Granson- AA
Serephina le Dauncer- AA
Sorcha inghean ui Cheallaigh- AA
Táriq ibn Jelal ibn Ziyadatallah alINaysábúrí- GA
Táriq ibn Jelal ibn Ziyadatallah alINaysábúrí- OWL

The scribes who have completed these scrolls are;
Asa Beiskalda, Branwen of Werchesvorde, Caristiona nic Beathain, Catherine d’Arc, Celestria Ashwood, Katherine Alicia of Sarum, Keridwen the Mouse, Maeve ni Iasachta

Brían dorcha ua Conaill's name was left out of the November Pegasus for a scroll that he had completed. So I would like to add his name here as having completed one of the scrolls that was miss attributed in the November Pegasus. All other scribes in the November Pegasus were correct.

If you would like to see some of the many scrolls completed by the Lochac College of Scribes this year please go to

Caristiona nic Beathain
Provost of Scribes

Tuesday, November 16, 2010

Completed Scrolls for October


the scrolls announcement for this month is a bit late as it was
difficult trying to make sure that all recipients knew of their scroll
before the announcement went out.

The scrolls completed for this month are;

Aine Rudad Ingean Cillin- AoA
Berenger of Nancy- County
Brennan Halfhand- AoA
Emma Lastone- AoA
Kathern Rischer- AoA
Rainald FitzRenyard- LCA
Susannah of Locksley- AoA

The scribes who have completed these scrolls are;

Caristiona nic Beathain
Katerina de Brescia
Katherine Alicia of Sarum
Kathern Rischer
Maeve ni Iasachta

You can see these scrolls and many of the others that have been
completed over the last year at

Caristiona nic Beathain
Provost of Scribes

Saturday, November 6, 2010

Writs for their Royal Highnesses Gabriel and Constanzia


Their royal Highnesses Gabriel and Contanzia have asked for Writs with an early 16th Century Spanish theme. So far I have found only one document that was written at this time to give the College of Scribes an idea of what sort of documents were written at that time and what they looked like.

The document that I have found is a partial payment from Her Majesty Queen Isabella of Spain for a tapestry. The document is signed "Yo la Reyna" and is dated 1501 which is a little bit earlier than preferred but gives us an idea of what to be looking for. Here is the document.

I would love to see other options here so that everyone can have a look at the sort of documents that we should be aiming for during the next reign.


Monday, November 1, 2010

New stuff on webpage

Long time no see everyone....

I've added a few things to the webpage and made a few updates. The big change is to add the Grant of Arms blank instructions here. It's not complete but I'll add the images and instructions as I get them.

Just in case you weren't aware, the Award of Arms blank instructions are here.

Both links can be found in the Model Book section of the webpage.

Tuesday, September 21, 2010


Newsletter of the Royal College & Confraternity of Scribes & Illuminators of the Kingdom of Lochac
Volume 10 Issue 4 September 2010

Greetings all and welcome to the September issue of Ductus.

My apologise that this issue is late. Unfortunately the real world has taken precedence for the last couple of months. That is almost over for the year so hopefully I will be more up to date for the foreseeable future.

Our AoA competition is going extremely well. We have only six remaining AoA's not assigned on my database. I know this is more than the two that we had a while ago but people keep getting their names and devices registered. However the important thing is that we are keeping up so this is wonderful.

Not only have kept going with the AoA's but we have now started work on the GoA blacklog. Mistress Branwen has produced two GoA blanks and I have produced one so we are currently working on getting some of the GoA scrolls completed. As people finish the scrolls they are currently assigned they will either be given additional AoA's or be moved onto GoA's depending on their experience, abilities and willingness.

Old Scrolls
Of the scrolls that were placed in Ductus in June to be assigned because they have been on the backlog for so long the three scrolls that have been assigned are:

Eric Ravn KSCA Stephan & Niobe (West) 30/04/1994
Kane Greymane OP Valgard & Megan (West) 27/08/1994
Muirghein ni Ghrainne GA Fabian & Cyneswith (West) 9/04/1995

Thank you to those who have taken on these scrolls. I look forward to seeing them completed.

At this stage I will not be asking anyone else to take on assignments other than the AoA's, GoA's and RP scrolls that are part of the competition.

Our competition ends at Canterbury Faire, on the 29th of January and we still have close to 50 scrolls to assign and many more to complete so I would like to encourage everyone to keep working.

Once the AoA scroll competition is completed we will be starting the Pelican Scroll drive. This will officially take off as of Festival 2011 but I would like to encourage people to get a head start. This time I will take Pelican scrolls that are completed later than Festival, but they do not need to be started later than Festival to be part of the competition.

Missing Scroll
A scroll was done for Milborough Aldaway in 2004 by Keridwen the Mouse. The scroll is listed in the database as having been given out but was never received by the recipient. If anyone has any idea where this scroll may be can you please contact me as it has a home to go to.

Newly Warranted Scribes
A number of recent scribes have sent me their first piece of work so that they can be warranted to produce work for the College. I would like to congratulate;

Alessandra de Florenza illumination only
Arlette Mortimer illumination only
Catherine d’Arc calligraphy and illumination
Celestria Ashwood calligraphy and illumination
katherine kerr calligraphy and illumination
Katherne Richer calligraphy and illumination
Iuliana Morosini illumination only
Margarete Engelhardtz calligraphy and illumination
Tatiiana Kalinin calligraphy and illumination
As you can see we are fast growing the College of Scribes with new members. This is wonderful to see.

Awards for Scribes

I would like to congratulate Katherine Alicia of Sarum for her admittance to the Order of the Silver Pelican for her work in the Scribal arts both as a teacher and as one of our most prolific scribes. Katherine has done a huge amount of work this year helping others get started and producing scrolls

The first of the new Writs have gone out and have been well received by both their Majesties and those who have received them. We have still not obtained a scribes seal although we are currently in the process of sorting out quotes and hopefully getting the work done. I hope that this will be done relatively soon. In the mean time the Writs are going out with the Kingdom seal done in green. This seems to be working well.

County and Duchy Scrolls
After having discussed options with many of the scribes over the Scribal list it seems that the preferred option is to have a scroll for the K&Q done by the end of their Reign as either a blank or an original, depending on what the scribe prefers. For those who reign and do not have a registered name and device it seems that the consensus is that we give them a Writ similar in style to the AoA Writs that are given out in their Reign.

If there are any further comments on this I would like them to be either sent to me or put up on the list. The the big question is, do we get this ready for the current Reign or do we wait for the one after it, remembering that neither of their current Majesties have a registered name and device.

Caristiona nic Beathain
Provost of Scribes

Luttrell Psalter

Well it has been a while since anyone posted anything. I have been working very hard at getting my Masters finished but this doesn't mean that I have not done any scribal work while I have been studying.

One scroll I have finished is a Laurel scroll based on the Luttrell Psalter. This is a rather amazing book that shows lots of small scenes of country life as well as a huge number of weird and wonderful animal/ monster type things.

As I was researching for the scroll I came across a set of YouTube clips that cover a documentary on the Luttrell Psalter. So here is a copy of the scroll I have been working on and here is the documentary that I watched. It is only about 30-40 minutes if you watch the whole thing and it is well worth it. There are a couple of others to watch once you have watched this first one but the links should come up I hope at the end of this one.


Sunday, July 4, 2010

Writs- the Beginning

Hi everyone,
as you know Their Royal Highnesses step up this coming weekend. At the same time we will move on from the Instant AoA system to the new Writ system.
Due to some problems with delivery of equipment the new Scribal seals are not quite ready for this change over, so until we get the proper Scribal Seal we are using the Kingdom seal with the green wax.
The first Writ has been designed and the first Writs in general have been made up and sent to Ildhafn for the Coronation of their Majesties King Edmond and Queen Leonore. At this stage only 12 of these Writs have been made up but as we get the Seals made the pdf's will go to all the Wardens and new Writs can be made up when needed.

The first Lochac Writs getting folded and ready for being sent out.

Friday, June 18, 2010

Have you seen this scroll? - Milborough Aldaway

Cairistiona recently painted Ulfrikr's scroll and when he came over to pick it up, asked when his wife, Milborough, might get hers. As you can see, that scroll was completed some time ago and is listed in the database as 'given out'. This is a colour photocopy of the scroll I painted in 2004.

We are now asking around to see where it has gone. Chances are that it didn't leave the Rowany area, but so long ago, who can tell. It might have gone to Rio for all we know. Most likely is that someone collected it for her and forgot to pass it on.

If you have any info, let us know. Thanks heaps.

Tuesday, June 15, 2010

Heart-shaped book

Caspar Meuser (1550-1593) was an apprentice of Jakob Krause, serving from 1574 as his successor in the court bindery. He used the panels and stamps designed by Krause, but evolved his own style, characterized by profuse vinework. This heart-shaped prayer book, designed for Anna, the wife of Elector Augustus, is a particularly fine example of his artistry.

Betbüchlein ür allerlei Anliegen (Small Prayer Book for All Occasions) Ca. 1580, cover Gilt-embossed leathe

Thursday, June 10, 2010


Newsletter of the Royal College & Confraternity of Scribes & Illuminators of the Kingdom of Lochac
Volume 10 Issue 3 June 2010

Greetings all and welcome to the June issue of Ductus.

We have started the AoA competition with a bang with close to 20 of the AoA's making up our backlog completed and delivered and all of the Caid AoA's now completed and mostly delivered. At this rate we will have finished all the current AoA backlog by around October. When this happens the competition will continue as we work on blanks for Grants and for Royal scrolls. I have been hugely impressed with the work that everyone has put into reducing the backlog and encourage it to continue.

Old Scrolls
Although we are well on the way to getting rid of the AoA backlog there are many Peerage and Grant scrolls that need to be completed. Some of these have now been sitting on our backlog for a very long time. I am going to put out a list of the top five oldest scrolls that need to be completed each Ductus and would like to ask for volunteers to completed these scrolls.

The current oldest scrolls on the CoS backlog belong to;

Eric Ravn KSCA Stephan & Niobe (West) 30/04/1994
Kane Greymane OP Valgard & Megan (West) 27/08/1994
Eleanor Lyttellhayles OL John & Gabriel (West) 28/08/1994
Sven the Stormdriven OP John & Gabriel (West) 28/08/1994
Muirghein ni Ghrainne GA Fabian & Cyneswith (West) 9/04/1995

If anyone would like to be assigned one of these scrolls please contact me so that I can get further details to you and confirm the assignment.

Completed Scrolls
After some considerable searching the number of scrolls sitting in my files with no home as been reduced to two. These are Aulay Leod and one that was not on the previous list- Karl Krigerhelm. If anyone has contact details for these two gentles could they please let me know.
Thank you to all of those who helped me to find all of the other recipients.

If you know of any current details for either of these Good Gentles could you please let me know so that I can get their scrolls to them as soon as possible. Photographs of all of these scrolls have been placed on the Lochac Scribes Flickr site at

Newly Warranted Scribes
A number of recent scribes have sent me their first piece of work so that they can be warranted to produce work for the College. I would like to congratulate;
Katrijn van Delden
Maihread of Braeside
Leylii bint Hizir (calligraphy only at this stage)
Anna von Freiberg

Awards for Scribes
The amount of work done by many scribes has generated a lot of interest in scribal works in the SCA recently. As a result a few scribes have received awards for the work that they have done to promote the scribal arts as a service for the Kingdom.
I would like to congratulate Keridwen the Mouse, Maeve ní Iasachta and Aeron Lassair for their Silver Pegasus which confers a Grant of Arms. Each of these scribes was instrumental in completing the Crescent Isles Caid AoA's.

Due to a misunderstanding in the scribal processes Gentles from the Cresent Isles had never received any of their AoA's. After extensive negotiations with Caid it was decided that a bunch of Rowany scribes would take on the job of designing blanks and completing all of the Crescent Isles, Caid, AoA and AoA level award backlog. These three scribes were instrumental in this process. What was particularly impressive is that they took on this job while at the same time working towards reducing the Lochac backlog. These scribes have each also completed AoA's and originals for Lochac while working on the Caid scrolls. This was a huge undertaking and the award was richly deserved by each of these scribes.

I would also like to congratulate Madoc ap Gryffith. Madoc has recently received his AoA. After having been in the SCA for over 20 years Madoc has finally settled in one place long enough to get his AoA. Madoc has done extensive work for the CoS over the last year, he has contributed to getting the CoS ready for the AoA competition and to building up the CoS in Ynys Fawr. Madoc's AoA is also well deserved.

I would also like to congratulate Mistress katherine kerr. She will be elevated to the order of the Laurel at Canterbury Faire for her work in “commonplace books to educate the populace in items of
suitable knowledge; broadsheets to announce the results of a Crown Tournament; collections of poetry and prose to record our doings; certain chapbooks, scurrilous though they may be, and so forth.” katherine has also contributed to many of the recent works of the CoS with her research into seals and their attachments and with her Writ prototypes.

The new Writs will be coming out next Reign. Currently negotiations are under way for the completion of the seals that will be used by the Wardens to seal the Writs. It is hoped that these will be available to all Wardens before Midwinter Crown.

Negotiations are under way to find out what the preferences of Their Royal Highnesses are regarding the hand and style of the first Writs. Once this has been completed a call will go out for all scribes who would like to contribute to do a Writ in the hand favoured by Their Royal Highnesses, they will then be able to choose which one they would like to use for their Reign. The blank for this Writ will then be passed out to all Wardens so that Their Royal Highnesses can have access to it at any location they may need it. The seals will also be provided so that Writs can be sealed anywhere hopefully making the process a lot easier for all future Royalty and scribes.

I would like to say how impressed I am with the activity on the blog. My apologise for not having published much on their myself recently. It has been wonderful to see how much work others are doing around the Kingdom. This has been a useful resource for many. I hope to see work continuing to be put up on the blog and hope to put a few of my own posts up shortly.

Caristiona nic Beathain
Provost of Scribes

Wednesday, June 9, 2010

May Scrolls

Hi everyone,
it gets a bit confusing with what scrolls I am announcing as by the time they go out in Pegasus and so I put them up here they are more than a month out of date. So these are the scrolls that were completed by the 10th of May to go into the June issue of Pegasus.

this month has been very productive for the College of Scribes as we tried to get as much completed as possible before Crown.

Scrolls completed this month include;

Antonia di Benedetto Calvo- Harp Argent
Artemisia da Quieto d'Arzenta- AoA
Asbjørn Pedersen- Crescent Sword
Béoán Freborn
Callum MacLeod- Crescent Sword
Crispin Sexi- AoA
Elspeth Turberville aka Gudrun Bodvarsdottir – Laurel
Fulk de Cherbourg- Harp Argent
Hrothgar aet Gytingbroce- AoA
Hunydd verch Madyn Duy- AoA
Jeneur le Geline- AoA
Rashids al faqih -Pelican
Zanobia Adimari- AoA

The scribes who completed these scrolls are;

Caristiona nic Beathain
Katherine Alicia of Sarum
Keridwen the Mouse
Maeve ni Iasachta
Phèdre de Caravelle

Caristiona nic Beathain
Provost of Scribes

Sunday, June 6, 2010


Just me today. It is cold and most of us are either working, on holidays or could not make it. I managed to get the laurel scroll finished (to be checked), and started on my next project - an AOA from the backlog. I am at calligraphy practice stage. (my least favourite stage).

Sunday, May 30, 2010

Innilgard Scribes Workshop today

It was cold and wet day but we got some work done. Mistress Bryony did some more work on her current original scroll.

Mistress Leofwynn did more more on some calligraphy for another original scroll.

Katerina has almost completed an orginal scroll and is now starting on an AOA from the backlog.

More scribes next week...

Sunday, May 9, 2010

Scribe Bios

I've just updated a few bios on the webpage.

If you are not listed there (and there are a whole bunch of people who aren't) and would like to be, please send me a photo and your details and I'll put it up. Also if you want your details changed let please send me some details. (Of course if you are one of the few people who have access to the site, you can update your own details if necessary.) If you are a warden, it would be cunning to get you details up here so people in your area can find out who you are.

If would be great to have names and faces of people who are currently active in the scribal arts. Some of the names on the list are people who don't play much anymore. Let's get some more recent names on that list.

Where to put it?

Hi everyone,

I've just been looking at the scribes web page and I've been trying to find a logical place to add links to the blog and the flickr site. I suppose the easiest thing would be to put them both on the front page but we don't want too much here as it will spoil the look.

A link to flickr would be logical in the gallery section. A link to the blog would make a sort of sense in the Model book, Lectern and Owlery or even in all three.

Does anyone have any cunning ideas?

Fiddled right hand column

I've just added a link to the flickr page and tweaked the order of things on the right. This should make it easy to quickly see if there is anything new in flickr or comments. Let me know if you have any suggestions for page layout to improve the blog further.

And for my next trick, I'll add the flickr link to the scribe web page. Tomorrow maybe. I need to go watch Dr Who now....

Wednesday, May 5, 2010

March Scrolls


As promised at the meeting at Festival, I am publishing a list each month of what scrolls have been completed. This list is one month behind due to the cut off for Pegasus so many more scrolls have been completed since this list was put out. The next list will come out next month. If you would like to look at all the AoA's that have been completed since the beginning of the AoA competition then go to our Flickr site and look in the Competitions Set. That will give you 14 of the current 16 scrolls that have been completed since the competition started. Details of who did what are with each scroll.



in an effort to show people the work that the College of Scribes undertakes we are going to start publishing the names of the scrolls that have been completed each month and the scribes who have completed them. I hope that as we get our momentum up we will be able to publish a longer list each month.

For this month the scrolls that have been completed include AoA's for the following people;

Bartholomew Baskin

Elyas de Dunblan

Fineamhain an Einigh ui Concobhair

Hanbal al-Barbari

katherine kerr of the Hermitage

Kasian Astrakhanovich

The scribes who completed those scrolls are Caristiona nic Beathain, Katherine Alicia of Sarum and Keridwen the Mouse


Caristiona nic Beathain

Thursday, April 29, 2010

Evolution of a scroll

When the task of completing scrolls for those New Zealanders who had been given an AoA (or entry into an armigerous order) but not received a scroll, landed on our desk, it was necessary to come up with new designs as the Caidan scribes had retired the blanks for all these awards.

We thought it would be a cunning idea to do a celtic style design for the Arts and Sciences award (Harp Argent). So looking through my books I found these two designs from the Tetraevangelium, a 10thC French manuscript.
These are the opening pages of the gospel of St Matthew - the text is written in silver and gold on purple. The vine work and border sides were also in silver I feel.

So from these, came my initial design:

Which then changed to:

I didn't feel the birdy P really fit with the border - it was a bit too in your face mundanely celtic for my taste, so I went looking again, this time on the web, and found this:

The Gospel of St John from the Hereford gospels, an 8thC English insular manuscript.

Which I adapted into:

And when I realised that as the award text was so verbose, the capital was too large, I reduced it to 65%, as well as shortening the curve of the p. I also stuck a couple of extra words into the box at the start.

Which ended up in the final design of this:

It took a while to decide what to put into the circle - I tried a crescent moon and four stars to show the link between Caid and Lochac, but that looked a little twee (and very reminiscent of one of my favourite millefiore pendants). I then tried a harp, going with the illumination inside a letter type of thing, but that was rather meh - my drawing skills aren't that great and I couldn't find a nice looking celtic harp that would reduce that small, so in the end I went with a design fairly similar to what was in the circle on the original design.

Yes the spot for the person's device is off centre - that's because there's an inch in difference between the Caidan Royal and CoH seals. I then faffed around for a while trying to work out what size lines and gap between the lines gave both best looking text and enabled the text to fit fit into the space without squeezing the signatures (of which there should be three according to the Caidan scribes webpage - King, Queen and Principal Herald).

One of the things I wanted to put into the design was the reduction in size of the text which is quite common in the earlier manuscripts, and I wanted to do this both in line height and nib size. In the end I only did this in line size - the larger nib made my calligraphy look better (and made no real difference in the amount of space taken up which was the main reason I was using the smaller nib) and trying to do this over three lines meant that the King and Queen's names were in different sizes.

When it came down to the colour scheme - I did one based on the silver and purple scheme from the Tetraevangelium using gold rather than silver as I wasn't satisfied with my silver paint and the other using the original red and blue scheme of the border from the Tetraevangelium. Which resulted in these:

So there you go. What have I gotten from the experience? Well I probably wouldn't use a border on a scroll in a hurry (the twiddly bits on the end didn't help either), though on a less verbose scroll it wouldn't be so bad (thinking of some Laurel scrolls I've seen). It might also be handy to work with the sizes of equipment you have to hand - I did the original designs in a not quite A3 sketch book, and then upped the size to A3. This was fine when I was gainfully employed and work had scanning photocopiers, but when I came back to Sydney when my job finished, I only had access to an A4 scanner and spent an afternoon running around Burwood trying to find some place that did have an A3 scanner, to no avail. When I gave my original to Caristiona to take to her local Officeworks, for some reason it did odd things to the design, which meant that in the end I gave up and drew them all (7) by hand. Oh and the final and most important thing? If you've got animals, don't leave your stuff unattended, even for a second.

Pictures: Tetraevangelium from "Western European Illuminated Manuscripts" by Tamara Voronova and Audrei Sterligov, Confidential Concepts, 2006
Hereford Gospel (St John) - Wikipedia

Wednesday, April 7, 2010

Caid AoA Scroll

It appears that we missed one of the Caid AoA scrolls so since Festival I have sat down and done some scribing. This was a very simple scroll but I think it is effective so I thought I would put it up as I did the scroll so people can see just how easy and fast it can be to create a simple original scroll.

When it gets to the stage where all the colour is in but none of the whitework this is where I tend to walk away in despair thinking that the scroll I am working on is going to be awful. But as you can see once the whitework is added the scroll had a totally different look.

Thursday, March 25, 2010

Weekly meeting update

Coming up the last days before Festival so we continued doing C&I on Tuesday nights. We were all a bit tired this Tuesday but Mouse is well on the way to finishing another couple of AoA's. Maeve was spending time working on her calligraphy and I finished one of the last Caid AoA's that needed to be done.

Tuesday, March 16, 2010


Hi everyone just a reminder of what is happening for the College of Scribes at Festival.

Our meeting is on Friday at 3pm
We are officially kicking off with the AoA competition at Festival so if you have any AoA's to hand over to me they can be handed over at Festival or you can send them to me. If you need blanks please let me know before the 29th of March so if I need to get extras printed I can do so.

We will also have our Scribes Seal competition.
I would like to see designs for seals about 2.5-3cm in size. Weight will be given to appropriate period documentation/ research, and design. The winning entry will be used for the seal on our AoA Writ's and will also be used as a Warden's badge/ seal so it will be used for a long time. I look forward to seeing the entries.

If anyone has old scrolls that have not found a home over the last few years can you please give them to me at Festival or send them to me so that I can start looking further into tracking down lost scrolls/ recipients and matching pairs up where possible. I now have only 2 outstanding scrolls in my files for people who are hard to tack down. These are Adam Girard and Aulay Leod.

If there is anything you would like to see covered at Festival please let me know.

Wednesday, March 10, 2010


Just to let everyone know, since posting the unclaimed AoA's on the blog and on announce we have found the recipients for 9 more of the AoA's. We are now only looking for;

  • Aulay Leod
  • Cassandra Cattani
  • Adam Girard
The photos of all the AoA's we were looking for are on Flickr at no's 863, 865 and 866 are the ones we are still looking for. If anyone has contact details for these three people could you please contact me.

AoA Scrolls from Riverhaven

These AoA have just recently made it to me from Riverhaven. They were done by Katherine Alicia of Sarum and Hanbal has already received his although we have yet to track down Elyas.
This is the first time this particular Persian blank has been completed as there were some difficulties fitting in the Kings/ Princes name. As you can see Katherine has solved this problem by putting the name in white up in a square at the top of the scroll. She has done this by painting out some of the blank in this section. I think this was an excellent solution to this problem and Hanbal was certainly very excited to receive this particular blank as it worked so well with his persona.
Two more AoA's down for this year. It is wonderful to see the movement that the college has made over the last few months.

Sunday, March 7, 2010

March 7th Scribal workshop, Inniglard.

Our four regular scribes came to workshop this weekend. Devora and Bryonny were both painting. Devora is working on a AA and Bryonny is working on an original scroll...

Leofwynn is finalizing the layout for an original scroll.

The weather was somewhat behaving (though it rained) and I got onto doing the guilding of the capital for my current original scroll. THen I am onto another AA.
Pics posted with permission.

Wednesday, March 3, 2010

Greetings all!

I am a long-time scriber from Innilgard (Adelaide). We have 4 regular scribes and some occasional scribes. We usually meet fornightly, unless the summer temperatures soar in the high 30's/low 40's as the paint just dries on the brush!!!
Last year, we did a large number of instant AOA's. Currently I am finishing off a Laurel scroll.
I am hoping to do some gilding at the next scribes workshop. However the weather has been really hot, so not good for gilding.
I am hoping to post pics of our progess during the year.

Tuesday, March 2, 2010


Newsletter of the Royal College & Confraternity of Scribes & Illuminators of the Kingdom of Lochac
Volume 10 Issue 2 March 2010
(Some formating has been lost putting Ductus onto the blog, as usual a formatted copy will be sent out on the mailing list).

Greetings all and welcome to the newest issue of Ductus.
As you are all aware last year was a very active year for us especially towards the end. A lot of new projects have been started and there have been a lot of changes within the College.
In the last issue of Ductus I put up details of the new Wardens. I would now like to add some names to their lists. The newest Wardens are;
Innilgard Leofwynn Wulfinga
Ynys Fawr Madelane de Bourgogne
Ynys Fawr (deputy) Madoc ap Gryffith
Crescent Isles (South) katherine kerr of the Hermitage
I would like to welcome these people as our new Wardens to the College. I would also like to say how much I like the college needing extra Wardens as it shows the increase in scribal activity in these area's.

Thanks to Master Giles who has gone through the database to make sure it is up to date we now have confirmed details for the current backlog.

AA's- 83
County- 10
Duchy- 7
GA, including LCA and OWL- 34
KSCA- 22
OL- 39
OP- 53
Vis- 6
Total outstanding Scrolls on the backlog is 234.

Completed Scrolls
There are still some scrolls sitting in the database that we are unable to find recipients for. These scrolls belong to;

Antonia della Scalla
Judith Fletcher of Wellow
Wystan of Wallsende
Cassandra Cattani
Miriam bat Shimeon
Adam Girard
William Beckwith
Alyce Stirling
Aulay Leod
Helga rauðtik Leosdottir
Claire Marie Alderton
Bathassar Vrass

If you know of any current details for any of these Good Gentles could you please let me know so that I can get their scrolls to them as soon as possible. Photographs of all of these scrolls have now been placed on the Lochac Scribes Flickr site at

New Scribes
We have a lot of new scribes to welcome to our ranks in this Ductus. Not all of these have started actively working on scrolls for the College and some still have to send me an exemplar but it is good to see such an influx of new blood. I would like to welcome;

Katrijn van Delden
Constanzia Moralez y de Zamora
Zofija from St Florian
Asa Beiskalda
katherine kerr of the Hermitage

Caristiona nic Beathain
Provost of Scribes

On Permanency and Paints
By: Madoc ap Gryffith

Permanence and Fugitives
One of the standards for all work done by the Lochac College of Scribes is permanency. All scribal work must be done using only the most permanent and lightfast materials available so that we can ensure the works of art we create will last well into the future and remain looking as sharp, bright, and colourful as when they were created. This implies that as scribes we have a responsibility to understand which materials are sufficiently permanent and which are not. However, determining which materials will truly withstand the test of time can sometimes be less than straightforward, especially when it comes to paints.

The paints that we use are composed of pigments suspended in a carrier based on a simple gum arabic solution. This provides a suitably permanent vehicle for the pigments, but the pigments themselves run the entire gamut from completely permanent to astonishingly temporary. Those pigments that are less than completely permanent experience some sort of alteration, reaction, or decay over time, most commonly as a result of exposure to light. Such non-permanent pigments are referred to as being “fugitive”, as they can seem to literally disappear and go missing from the work. Other fugitive pigments experience changes other than fading, including darkening and even shifting hue.

Standards and Ratings?
It would be nice if we could assume that simply buying modern paints from reputable manufacturers would ensure that we're using permanent materials, but unfortunately this is not the case. Even the best manufacturers still sell paints that are quite fugitive and do so for a variety of reasons. In some cases this is because not all artwork is designed to be permanent (for instance where a painting will be done and then scanned for use as a digital image). However, another reason is that consumers continue demanding and purchasing fugitive pigments.

In response to concerns about permanence, many manufacturers are now listing permanency and lightfastness ratings on the labels of their paints. It would be convenient if we could simply use these on-the-label ratings as a guide but, while they can help us avoid some of the most fugitive paints, these ratings are far from definitive. Manufacturers' rating scales are simply not specific enough for scribal purposes, and in some cases are arguably influenced more by market pressures than by the need for factual honesty. Sometimes the paint manufacturer doesn't even test the paint themselves, but just passes along the information provided by the pigment manufacturer, who might have used testing methods completely irrelevant to the form of paint and application methods we as scribes use.

The ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) lightfastness rating is reported by some manufacturers on their paint labels. While more reliable than those from the paint manufacturers, these ratings are also less than definitive for scribes. There are just too many variables that can effect a pigment's permanence, often including how fine the pigment is ground, what binder is mixed with the vehicle to form the paint, and the particulars of how it is applied, that having a single rating for all instances of a pigment is bound to have some degree of error. A pigment that is completely permanent when ground roughly, mixed with an acrylic binder, and applied in thick layers might prove to be unacceptably fugitive when ground more finely, mixed with gum arabic to form a watercolour or gouache, and applied in a thin film. While the ASTM considers both its “Class I” and “Class II” to be permanent, when using gouache paints for scribal purposes, only “Class I” paints should generally be accepted as reliably permanent.

In short, scribes should take the permanency and lightfastness ratings given by industry bodies and manufacturers as suggestive at best when selecting paints for work through the College of Scribes.

Relevant Recommendations
In the absence of a truly definitive rating system relevant to scribal work, how is a scribe to know which paints are truly permanent? To answer this question, the current line of Winsor & Newton Designer Gouache paints was researched. This brand was chosen since it is the line of paints most commonly recommended for scribal work and generally known for its quality and performance. However, like all paint lines, there are a number of colours in the W&N gouache line that are simply not permanent enough for scribal work. If these colours are identified and avoided, the other colours in this line can be used with confidence that we are using lightfast materials of acceptable permanence and quality.

The following paints contain pigments that are known to be (or reasonably suspected of being) less than permanent in water-based media based in independent testing in water/gum arabic media. These W&N gouache paints should NOT be used for College of Scribes works.
Alizarin Crimson
Although it's often recommended, this paint should never be used. It is very fugitive and the colour quickly fades quite dramatically. It's based on PR83, the synthetic version of a period pigment derived from Madder root, which was recognised as being fugitive even then. W&N class B.
Bengal Rose
Made of the very fugitive PR169, which even W&N rate in their permanence class “C - fugitive”.
Brilliant Green
Contains the arylamide pigment PY3 prone to darkening.
Brilliant Purple
Made of a mix of two known fugitive toner pigments, PV2 and PV3. W&N class B.
Brilliant Red Violet
Contains the known fugitive rhodamine toner pigment PV1. W&N class B.
Brilliant Violet
Also contains the known fugitive toner pigment PV1. W&N class B.
Brilliant Yellow
Contains the fugitive arylamide pigment PY74.
Flame Red
Contains the fugitive naphthol pigment PR170.
Flesh Tint
Also contains a fugitive naphthol pigment, PR9.
Gold Ochre
A permanent iron oxide colour that is unfortunately “enhanced” with the fugitive arylamide PY74 and thus prone to fading and colour-shift.
Jet Black
Made of the known fugitive PBk1.
Lemon Yellow
Made of the arylamide pigment PY3 prone to darkening.
Light Purple
Like Brilliant Purple above, made of a mix of two known fugitive toner pigments, PV2 and PV3. W&N class B.
Linden Green
Contains two fugitive arylamide pigments, PY3 and PY74.
Made of a combination of two fugitives, the lake pigment PR173 and the rhodamine toner pigment PV2.
Opera Pink
Made of a fluorescent dye/resin, even W&N put it in permanence class “C - fugitive”.
Opera Rose
Also made of a fluorescent dye/resin, even W&N put it in permanence class “C - fugitive”.
Orange Lake Deep
Contains the known fugitive arylamide red PR9.
Orange Lake Light
Also contains the known fugitive arylamide red PR9.
Permanent Aliz Crimson
Made of PR176. While it is certainly better than traditional Alizarin Crimson (PR83), it is (in spite of the name) not entirely permanent.
Permanent Green Deep
Contains the fugitive arylamide PY74.
Permanent Green Light
Contains the fugitive arylamide PY3. W&N class B.
Permanent Green Middle
Contains two fugitive arylamide pigments, PY3 and PY74.
Primary Red
Made of two known fugitives, the rhodamine lake PR173 and naphthol PR170. W&N class B.
Rose Tyrien
Made of the fugitive rhodamine lake PR173. W&N permanency class “C - fugitive”.
Sap Green
Contains the fugitive arylamide PY74.
Spectrum Red
Contains the known fugitive naphthol pigment PR170.
Spectrum Violet
Made of the known fugitive toner pigment PV3. W&N class B.
Spectrum Yellow
Made of the fugitive arylamide PY74.
Venetian Red
A permanent iron oxide colour unfortunately “enhanced” with two known fugitive pigments, the arylamide yellow PY1 and the naphthol red PR9.
*** Based on paint compositions following W&N's 2008 revision of their gouache paint range.

SUGGESTED: The following colours form the minimum palette:
Permanent white (series 1)
Ultramarine blue (series 1)
Primary yellow (series 1)
Cadmium red (series 4) -OR- Winsor red (series 3)
The following colours are good additions to the minimum palette:
Prussian blue (series 1)
Quinacridone magenta (series 3) [mix with Cadmium red to make Alizarin-like colour]
Viridian (series 3)
Lamp black (series 1)
Raw sienna (series 1)
Gold (series 3) [a simple way to add gold elements without the complexity of goldleaf]

Lost Recipients

over the last year I have been trying to track down the owners to a number of AoA scrolls that were in the CoS files when I received them. Most of these people have now been tracked down but I still have 12 scrolls in my files that I can not find the owners for.
To put all of these scrolls up on the Lochac Scribes blog will take to much space and seems to cause blogger to have problems I have set up a Lochac Scribes Flickr account to put them up on. Could everyone please have a look at this account and see if you can help me track down the owner of these scrolls.
If you know the owner or have contact details for them please contact me. Some of these people I know personally but I do not have contact details for them. If you can get them to contact me or if you can send me their details so I can contact them please do.
My e-mail address is
The Flickr address for the photos is

Lost Scrolls

Recently a number of scrolls that are a decade old or more have been returned to the CoS and have been sent out to the recipients.
Two of the scrolls are shown here. I hope to show another one when I get a copy of the scroll. I was so keen to get it to the recipient that I forgot to photograph it before I gave it to them.

As can be seen the AoA has been slightly damaged by its long time in storage. This was fixed up before it was given to the recipient.

Tuesday, February 16, 2010

More tagging

In addition to the text-book examples I posted earlier, here are several variations on how documents were sealed in period.

Charter of Henry I, c1109, sealed on a tongue that appears to be folded double.

Confirmation of cathedral chapter of episcopal grant, 1149. Tag cuts through the body of the document as well as the turn up.

Writ of Henry II, 1173, with two tongues cut haphazardly into the document.

Forged charter of Bishop William of St Calais, c1160, showing long seal tag and close tape.

Grant recording perambulation, 1165. This definitely shows the tag fed through a slot in the fold of the turn up.

Grant of marriage portion, 12th century. Obviously not that great a portion.

Draft charter c1180, showing adding clauses by attaching an extra slip of vellum. This approach could also potentially be used for signatures.

Another example of the tag threaded through a cut on the fold.

Mandate of Pope Innocent III, 1211. The seal cord has presumably deteriorated to reveal the threading hole for a V pattern.

Appropriation of Aycliffe church by Bishop Marsh, c1220. An unusual example of two mismatched cords threaded in a triangle pattern. One looks to be braided cord, the other appears to be tablet woven in a check pattern. Can any textile people have a guess?

I have no idea what's going on with this one.

Chirograph document, and example of a tag cut from previously used vellum which it seems was not uncommon.

Coal mining and transport concession, c1258, with signatures on the fold as well as tags.

Mandate of Popr Martin IV for legal case, 1284. An example of what looks to be a single hemp cord knotted around itself.

Allowance of expenses for exemption of taxation, 1296. An example of letters close here shown open...

...and closed. The second long thin strip threaded at right angles to the tongue wraps the folded document and holds it closed, with the seal tucked inside. The date and presumably the bearer are written on the dorse of the closed packet.

Another example from 1304, a bond receipt for the loan of a book shown open and closed.

And another, receipt of proctor in the papal curia, 1312. This example shows how the long strip was wrapped and tied to keep the document closed.

Receipt f0r 200 marks, 1326. The tongue supports the seal, while the upturned fold is cut into a long strip, becoming the tape for letters close.

Knotted seal cords again, in an illuminated charter c1386. Two cords knotted once at the base of the document, then passing here through a wooden case to protect the fragile wax seal.

And again with bi-coloured cords in a diamond pattern, from inspeximus confirmation of Henry IV, 1401.

Oath of fidelity of William Raket, 1402, which presumably, is a letter containing his promise of fidelity backed up by a lot of character witnesses for said gentleman.

Mandate of a bishop for attendance at Parliament, 1402. Similar to a seal bag, this document shows the seal protected by being slipped into a seal packet, a sort of envelope made from previously used vellum.

Receipts for silver plate and salts, 1438. Multiple seals on tongue.

Legal verdict on the descendants of John Middleton, 1475. The more the merrier.

All documents collection of Durham University.

Goes to show there is more than one way to skin a cat!